Reuters 'Offshore Radio' Video Clips
British Pathé presenting
Reuters' historical collection.
Make sure to click on the "full screen" button when watching.
ITALY: William Marconi on board his yacht "Electra" to conduct a radio experiment
William Marconi on board his yacht 'Electra' at Genova to conduct an experiment
to speak to an audience in Sydney, Australia.
Issue Date: 01/01/1930
President Truman inspects floating the radio station,
built on a former Coast Guard cutter, broadcast through Iron Curtain.
Issue Date: 07/03/1952
Voice of America cutter broadcasts to Communist countries
The 'Voice of America' ship, a converted US Coast Guard cutter
named USCGC Courier, broadcasts free-speech radio to Communist countries.
Issue Date: 13/03/1952
U.S. President Harry Truman gives address to dedicate
radio-ship USCGC Courier
Issue Date: 13/03/1952
Scandinavia: Pirate Radio
There's plenty of trouble in the State of Denmark at the moment. Abhorring the
very idea of commercial radio, the State-owned broadcasting network is
attempting to silence a pirate station, Radio Merkur.
Every night for an hour, this new station broadcasts a series of entertainment
programme, interloped with advertisements, from the Kattegat Straits,-- the
water between Sweden and Denmark. The station is in fact a ship, which flies the
Although it has protested to the Panama Government, the Danish Government is
unable to chase Radio Merkur off the air.
The programme items are recorded in studios in north Sjelland, Denmark, and sent
to ship. With the publicity that the station is receiving at present orders are
rolling in for advertising time.
Recently the ship put into a Swedish harbour, Malmo, for repairs. A new radio
mast had to fitted. Unfortunately there was an oversight regarding the possible
effects of the hugs mast can on the stability of the ship. Before there was a
mishap the crew poured 40 tons of ballast into the holds.
So far the most the Danish Government has managed to do is force the ship from
its territorial waters.
Issue Date: 01/08/1958
HOLLAND: "PIRATE" RADIO BROADCASTING SHIP "VERONICA" OFF DUTCH COAST
From the converted former German lightship "Veronica", anchored six miles off
the Dutch coast at Noordwijk, commercial radio entertainment programmes are
being broadcast in defiance of the Netherlands authorities.
The "Veronica" is owned by a company called Vron (Free Broadcast Service
Netherlands) whose managing director is a dealer in wireless and television
sets, Mr. H. Oswald. The company was established last November, with a capital
of about GBP10,000, with the aim of establishing a commercial radio station with
plans for television services. Mr. Oswald and his colleagues applied for a
transmitting licence and announced that if it was refused they would operate
from a ship outside Dutch territorial waters.
Mr. Oswald has received no decision on his application but broadcasting
equipment owned by the company has twice been seized by Dutch authorities under
the Netherlands Telegraph and Telephone Act.
The "Veronica" herself was seized in the west German harbour of Emden recently,
at the request of the Netherlands vice-consul there, but was released after Mr.
Oswald protested that she was of Panamanian registry and owned by a South
American firm of which he was the representative.
Complaints have been made that the "Veronica's" broadcasts have interfered with
marine wireless communications.
At present the power of the "Veronica's" transmitter is 1 kilowatt, but it is
intended to raise the power to 20 kilowatts.
Issue Date: 04/05/1960
DENMARK: PIRATE RADIO SHIP SEIZED BY DANISH POLICE
ARMED DANISH POLICE AT DAWN TODAY (THURSDAY) BOARDED A PIRATE COMMERCIAL RADIO
SHIP "LUCKY STAR" MOORED IN INTERNATIONAL WATERS OFF COPENHAGEN.
POLICE LAUNCHES ESCORTED HER INTO PORT BECAUSE SHE COULD NOT PRODUCE PROOF OF
NATIONALITY. HER SEIZURE FOLLOWS A LEGAL BATTLE TO PREVENT THE BROADCASTING OF
"RADIO MERCUR" TO DENMARK AND SWEDEN. THE RADIO STATION WAS BANNED AT THE
BEGINNING OF AUGUST, SO THE OWNERS SEVERED THEIR LEGAL CONNECTION WITH DENMARK
AND THE "LUCKY STAR" STARTED BROADCASTING AGAIN LAST MONDAY UNDER NEW
THERE WERE FIVE MEMBERS OF THE CREW ON BOARD WHEN THE SHIP DOCKED; BUT THE DANES
SAY THE DO NOT PLAN TO BRING CHARGES AGAINST THEM.
Issue Date: 17/08/1962
HOLLAND: DUTCH COMPANY BEGINS BUILDING TV STATION IN THE
WORK HAS BEGUN ON BUILDING A TELEVISION STATION ON A PLATFORM IN THE NORTH SEA.
THE PLATFORM WAS TOWED INTO POSITION LAST NIGHT (THURSDAY) ABOUT FIVE MILE
(EIGHT KMS) OFF THE DUTCH COAST. THE TRANSMITTING TOWER IS ALREADY UNDER
THE STATION, WHICH IS BEING FINANCED BY A BIG INVESTMENT COMBINE IN HOLLAND,
WILL BROADCAST COMMERCIAL TELEVISION TO THE DUTCH MAINLAND. TO BEGIN WITH, IT
WILL HAVE A TRANSMITTING RANGE OF 50 MILES (80 KMS.).
NOW THE DUTCH GOVERNMENT HAVE STEPPED IN. THEY ARE PUSHING THROUGH PARLIAMENT A
BILL TO BAN OFF-SHORE RADIO AND TELEVISION TRANSMITTERS, DESPITE THE FACT THAT
THE PLATFORM IS OUTSIDE TERRITORIAL WATERS.
THE PLATFORM -- BUILT AT AN EIRE SHIPYARD -- HAS STILL TO BE FITTED WITH ITS
FOUR PERISCOPE LEGS, WHICH WILL BE DRIVEN INTO THE SEA-BED AND FILLED WITH
(THE PLATFORM WAS TOWED INTO POSITION BY THE "GLOBAL ADVENTURE" SEEN IN OUR FILM
NEXT TO THE PLATFORM.)
Issue Date: 05/06/1964
NORTH SEA: OFF SHORE T.V. PLATFORM BEGINS SOUND
Technicians working on a platform in the North Sea are now putting the finishing
touches to what will be the world's first off-shore commercial television
It's due to go into operation on August 15, broadcasting programmes to the Dutch
mainland. It will have an initial range of about 50 miles (80 kms) and will also
offer commercial radio programmes over a radius of 200 miles (320 kms).
A VISNEWS cameraman visited the off-shore station yesterday (July 23) and
reported that most of the technical equipment for the transmission of vision
programmes had been installed.
The platform has been fitted with two transmitters, each of 300 kilowatts, and a
spare, while the radio section has a one kilowatt unit. Studio equipment,
including cameras, microphones and lighting grids have been installed and
telecine machines for the projection of films are now being tested.
As a preliminary, sound broadcasting from the platform began this week, although
there are no reports yet as to the quality of reception.
A Dutch company has sponsored the project and built the platform outside
Holland's territorial waters. However, the Dutch Government stepped in two
months ago and is attempting to push through a bill designed to ban off-shore
television and radio transmitters, despite the fact that the transmitter is
outside territorial waters.
A spokesman for the company says that even if the bill is passed, the project
has advanced so far that it would be impossible to call it off. The spokesman
added that he considered the bill unconstitutional as the transmitter was built
on the Continental shelf over which Holland has no jurisdiction.
Issue Date: 24/07/1964
NORTH SEA: FIRST TELEVISION STATION ON THE HIGH SEAS BEGINS TRANSMISSION OFF
THE WORLD'S FIRST TELEVISION STATION ON THE HIGH SEAS IS ON THE AIR. IT BEGAN
TRANSMITTING PROGRAMMES YESTERDAY MORNING (SATURDAY).
THE STATION, A COMMERCIAL ONE, IS BUILT ON A PLATFORM SIX MILES (9.5 KMS) OFF
THE DUTCH MAINLAND. ITS THREE TRANSMITTERS, OPERATING ON A POWER OF 300
KILOWATTS, CAN BEAM PROGRAMMES UP TO 50 MILES (80 KMS) AWAY. IN OTHER WORDS, ITS
VIEWING AUDIENCE IS CONFINED TO HOLLAND.
FOR THE OPENING, CAMERAMEN AND REPORTERS WERE INVITED TO TOUR THE STATION WHICH
IS BUILT ATOP A SIX-LEGGED PLATFORM. THEY WERE ESCORTED BY MR. HEEREMA, WHOSE
FIRM CONSTRUCTED THE PLATFORM, AND MR. MAXWELL THOMPSON, CHIEF ENGINEER FOR THE
RADIO CORPORATION OF AMERICA, THE FIRM WHICH INSTALLED THE EQUIPMENT.
THE STATION IS EQUIPPED WITH THE NORMAL GEAR OF ANY MAINLAND ONE -- EVERYTHING
FROM THE DIRECTOR'S BOX TO A CANTEEN. AS WELL AS TELEVISION PROGRAMMES, IT ALSO
PROVIDES SOUND BROADCASTING.
IT TOOK ONLY TWO MONTHS TO BUILD. THE PLATFORM HAS BEEN DESIGNED TO STAND UP TO
THE FIERCEST OF NORTH SEA WEATHER. ITS GENERATORS ARE MANNED BY FORMER SEAMEN.
THE COMPANY WHICH FINANCED THE STATION WILL BEGIN OFFERING SHARES ON THE
AMSTERDAM STOCK EXCHANGE TOMORROW (MONDAY). ALREADY, WIDE INTEREST HAS BEEN
SHOWN BY THE DUTCH PEOPLE.
HOWEVER, THEIR GOVERNMENT HAS DIFFERENT IDEAS. IT WANTS TO BAN THE STATION,
WHICH WILL BE COMPETING WITH THE STATE RUN CHANNEL. A BILL IS BEING DRAWN UP TO
OUTLAW IT, BUT BECAUSE OF TECHNICAL SNAGS IT COULD TAKE MONTHS BEFORE IT IS
Issue Date: 16/08/1964
SWEDEN: SWEDISH "PIRATE" RADIO BOAT AT MALMO HARBOUR
SWEDEN'S 'PIRATE' RADIO OFF THE COAST...IT'S ON BOARD THE CHEETA TWO WHICH HAS
HAD TO PUT IN TO MALMO HARBOUR AFTER BEING DAMAGED IN A FIERCE STORM.
STORMS ARE A PART OF CHEETA TWO'S LIFE -- BUT NOT ONLY AT SEA. THE SWEDISH
AUTHORITIES HAVE OFTEN TRIED TO STOP OFF-SHORE BROADCASTING AND THE OWNER, MRS.
BRITT WADNER, SEEN HERE, HAS IN A HIGH COURT APPEAL AGAINST A 3-MONTH GAOL
SENTENCE FOR CONTINUING TO BROADCAST.
THE STATION ON BOARD IS CALLED RADIO SOUTH, BUT AT THE MOMENT IT'S "GONE WEST",
WITH THE RADIO TRANSMITTER WATERLOGGED BY THE STORM AND SOME OF THE SOUND GEAR
WHAT THE LAW HAS NOT FULLY SUCCEEDED IN, THE ELEMENTS HAVE. RADIO SOUTH IS
SILENT, NO MORE BOMBARDMENTS OF ADVERTISING AND 'POP' MUSIC FOR THE TIME BEING.
BUT WHILE THE APPEAL COURT DELIBERATES ON A PROBLEM THAT BRITAIN AND HOLLAND HAS
TOO, THE FANS, THE LISTENERS ALONG THE COAST OF SWEDEN AND DENMARK WHO HAVE
REGULARLY TUNES IN ARE MASSING IN SUPPORT OF RADIO SOUTH. IN ONE DAY ALONE,
10,000 DEMONSTRATED IN MALMO IN FAVOUR OF COMMERCIAL RADIO IN ADDITION TO THE
STATE-OWNED RADIO SWEDEN.
Issue Date: 23/09/1964
HOLLAND: NORTH SEA: DUTCH PIRATE STATION TO BE CLOSED BY GOVERNMENT
THOSE 'PIRATES' OF THE 20TH CENTURY SEAS - THE OFFSHORE COMMERCIAL RADIO
STATIONS ARE IN THE NEWS AGAIN.. IN PARTICULAR, THE ONE OFF THE DUTCH COAST. THE
GALES AND HEAVY SEAS DURING THE WEEKEND PREVENTED THE AUTHORITIES FROM TAKING
ACTION UNDER THE NEW LAW WHICH CAME INTO FORCE ON FRIDAY WHICH GIVES THE
GOVERNMENT POWER TO CLOSE THE STATION.
CAMERAMEN AND REPORTERS CHARTERED A FISHING BOAT TO MAKE THE TRIP OUT INTO THE
NORTH SEA FOR A CLOSER LOOK AT THE PLATFORM TV STATION. AS THE ARTIFICIAL
'ISLAND' STANDS ABOVE SEA LEVEL, NOBODY CAN LAND, BUT OWING TO THE TV ANTENNAE
IT WOULD BE A VERY RISKY OPERATION IN STORMY CONDITIONS.
DURING THE WEEKEND THE MAN WHO BUILT THE ISLAND, MR. VEROLME, AND THE STATION
MANAGER, MR. BRANDEL SAID THEY WOULD STOP BROADCASTING BUT THE STATION'S FOUNDER
MR. HEEREMA ORDERED HIS TECHNICIANS NOT TO ASSIST POLICE OFFICERS IF THEY
ARRIVED TO SEAL OFF THE TRANSMITTERS.
IN A MOVE TO COUNTER THE DUTCH GOVERNMENT'S ACTION, IT WAS ANNOUNCED ON SATURDAY
THAT A FOREIGN COMPANY WOULD RUN THE STATION BUT THIS WOULD NOT MAKE ANY LEGAL
DIFFERENCE. DUTCH LAW CAN BE ENFORCED WHATEVER THE NATIONALITY OF THE
MEANWHILE AS THE 'PIRATES' AND THE VIEWING PUBLIC ARE WAITING FOR THE
GOVERNMENT'S FIRST EFFECTIVE MOVE- THE STATION IS STILL ON THE AIR.
Issue Date: 15/12/1964
HOLLAND: DUTCH AUTHORITIES CLOSE 'PIRATE' NORTH SEA STATION
RADIO NOORDZEE, THE WORLD'S FIRST SEABORNE TELEVISION AND RADIO STATION WAS
SEIZED TODAY (THURSDAY) AND LATER SILENCED BY DUTCH POLICE AND GOVERNMENT
OFFICIALS. A RAIDING PARTY WAS TAKEN OUT TO THE STATION BY HELICOPTERS AND SHIP
AND LANDED ABOUT 8 O'CLOCK IN THE MORNING. THE STATION WENT OFF THE AIR WITH A
GIRL VOCALIST IN MID SONG.
FIRST MAN TO LAND ON THE STEEL PLATFORM WAS A SKIPPER IN THE DUTCH STATE WATER
POLICE, LOWERED BY STEEL ROPE FROM A HELICOPTER. FIRST OF ALL, SMOKE BOMBS WERE
DROPPED AS MARKERS. THEN A HATCH OPENED IN THE HELICOPTER AND THE POLICEMAN, IN
BLACK UNIFORM WITH BRIGHT ORANGE LIFEBELT, CAME DOWN THE STEEL ROPE. A SECOND
POLICEMAN FOLLOWED HIM DOWN AND SHORTLY AFTERWARDS ANOTHER HELICOPTER SUIT.
LATER, FROM A DUTCH NAVY VESSEL, CAME A BOAT WITH LEGAL OFFICIALS WHICH BOARDED
THE TV STATION. THERE WAS NO RESISTANCE FROM THE STATION CREW.
MOUNTED ON A STEEL PLATFORM OUTSIDE DUTCH TERRITORIAL WATERS, RADIO NOORDZEE HAS
BEEN ON THE AIR SINCE AUGUST, BUT WAS DECLARED ILLEGAL BY THE DUTCH. YESTERDAY,
PRIME MINISTER, VICTOR MARIJNEN ASSURED AN IMPATIENT PARLIAMENT THAT THE
GOVERNMENT INTENDED TO ACT AGAINST THE STATION SOON...HITHERTO, PREVIOUS PLANS
OF ACTION HAD BEEN FRUSTRATED BY BAD WEATHER.
THE DUTCH MINISTRY OF JUSTICE STATED TODAY THAT POLICE AND POSTAL OFFICIALS WERE
TAKEN TO THE SEA-BORNE STATION OFF THE RESORT OF NOORDWIJK UNDER INSTRUCTIONS TO
ISSUE A SUMMONS AND SEIZE THE TRANSMITTERS. THE STATION OWNER, AWARE THAT THE
DUTCH GOVERNMENT WAS PLANNING TO ACT, HAD ANNOUNCED THAT PROGRAMMES WOULD
CONTINUE UNTIL PREVENTED BY THE AUTHORITIES.
THE ACTION BY THE DUTCH AUTHORITIES PROBABLY SIGNALS THE BEGINNING OF AN
IMPORTANT TEST CASE INVOLVING THE RIGHTS OF SIGNATORIES TO THE GENEVA CONVENTION
ALLOCATING JURISDICTION OVER THE CONTINENTAL SHELF. ANY JUDGEMENT ON SUCH LEGAL
DEFINITIONS WOULD BE OF VITAL IMPORTANCE SHELF. ANY JUDGEMENT ON SUCH LEGAL
DEFINITIONS WOULD BE OF VITAL IMPORTANCE IN VIEW OF CLAIMS STAKED OUT BY OIL
Issue Date: 17/12/1964
UK: POLICE INVESTIGATE REPORTED BOARDING OF PIRATE RADIO STATION
THE BRITISH PARLIAMENT WAS TONIGHT (WEDNESDAY) SCHEDULED TO DEBATE THE QUESTION
OF PIRATE RADIO STATIONS-- COMMERCIAL RADIO STATIONS THAT BROADCAST TO BRITAIN
OUTSIDE THE COUNTRY'S TERRITORIAL WATERS, THEREBY EVADING LAWS THAT BAN
COMMERCIAL RADIO TRANSMISSIONS IN BRITAIN. EARLIER THIS EVENING, POLICE BOARDED
RADIO CITY, A PIRATE STATION IN THE THAMES ESTUARY OFF SHEERNESS, TO QUESTION
AFTER A REPORT THAT A NUMBER OF MEN LANDED ON THE STATION ON MONDAY AND TOOK IT
OVER. THE STATION HAS NOT BEEN BROADCASTING SINCE THEN.
THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT IS COMMITTED TO STAMPING OUT THE 10 PIRATE RADIO STATIONS
WHICH, FROM ANCHORED SHIPS AND OLD SEA FORTS, POUR OUT NON-STOP POP MUSIC AND
OUR REPORTER INTERVIEWED A STATION EMPLOYEE, WHO RECOUNTED MONDAY'S EVENTS.
THIS MORNING, IN COURT AT SAFFRON WALDEN, ESSEX, A BUSINESSMAN WAS CHARGED WITH
THE SHOTGUN KILLING OF 37-YEAR-OLD REG CALVERT, MANAGER OF RADIO CITY. THE
ACCUSED WAS OLIVER SMEDLEY, 54, DIRECTOR OF 20 COMPANIES AND A FORMER
VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE LIBERAL PARTY EXECUTIVE. SMEDLEY DENIED THE CHARGE. HE
ASKED FOR BAIL BUT WAS REMANDED IN CUSTODY FOR A WEEK. POLICE TOLD THE COURT
THEY FOUND CALVERT DEAD WITH SHOTGUN WOUNDS IN THE CHEST AT SMEDLEY'S
17TH-CENTURY COTTAGE NEAR SAFFRON WALDEN.
Issue Date: 22/06/1966
ISRAEL: PEACE MARCH FROM TEL AVIV ARRIVES IN JERUSALEM
A THREE-DAY PEACE MARCH FROM TEL AVIV ARRIVED IN JERUSALEM YESTERDAY (TUESDAY).
THE MARCH, ORGANISED BY THE SELF-APPOINTED PEACE-SEEKER ABIE NATHAN, IS AIMED AT
RECONCILING ISRAEL WITH THE ARABS.
ABIET NATHAN, A TEL AVIV RESTAURANT OWNER, LED THE MARCH FROM TEL AVIV TO
JERUSALEM CARRYING PEACE APPEALS TO THE KNESSET (PARLIAMENT), THE UNITED NATIONS
SECRETARY-GENERAL U THANT, AND KING HUSSEIN OF JORDAN. WHEN THE MARCH ARRIVED IN
JERUSALEM, MR NATHAN ADDRESSED THE CROWD AND WAS THEN GIVEN A POLICE ESCORT TO
ENTER THE KNESSET, WHERE HE WAS ADMITTED THROUGH THE BACK DOOR.
MR NATHAN MADE A SPECTACULAR BUT UNSUCCESSFUL PEACE BID LAST FEBRUARY WHEN HE
MADE A LANE FLIGHT TO EGYPT FOLLOWED BY A WORLD TOUR IN SUPPORT OF HIS AIMS.
WHEN HE ARRIVED IN JERUSALEM YESTERDAY HE TOLD NEWSMEN THAT HE KNEW THE MARCH
WOULD NOT BRING PEACE BUT THAT HE FELT IT WAS "A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION."
Issue Date: 29/06/1966
UK: BRITAIN'S ONLY INDEPENDENT RADIO STATION MANX RADIO
WITH MOVES AFOOT TO BAN "PIRATE" RADIO STATIONS OFF THE BRITISH COAST, MANS
RADIO WILL BE THE ONLY LEGAL COMMERCIAL RADIO STATION IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.
SITUATED ON THE ISLE OF MAN, MANX RADIO SERVES ISLANDERS WITH MUSIC AND LOCAL
NEWS, AND IT HOPES SOON TO BROADEN ITS HORIZONS.
MANX RADIO HAS BEEN BROADCASTING FOR MORE THAN 18 MONTHS. WITH THE BROADENING OF
ITS SCOPE, IT WILL ALSO INCREASE THE POWER OF ITS BROADCASTS TO COVER A WIDER
THE LOCAL INTERST TYPE OF BROADCASTS PUT OUT BY THE RADIO HAVE MADE IT POPULAR
AMONG THE ISLAND PEOPLE FOR ALL SORTS OF ADVERTISEMENTS WHICH WOULD NORMALLY NOT
FIND THEIR WAY ONTO THE AIR.
Issue Date: 02/09/1966
ISLE MAN: ISLAND PARLIAMENT MAY SEEK UNITED NATIONS
INTERVENTION TO SEEK INDEPENDENCE FROM BRITAIN
THE ISLE OF MAN, INTERNALLY SELF-GOVERNING ISLAND LYING BETWEEN IRELAND AND
NORTH-WEST ENGLAND, MAY GO TO THE UNITED NATIONS TO SEEK INDEPENDENCE FROM
BRITAIN. AND THE QUESTION WHICH HAS PROMPTED THE BREAKAWAY MOVE IS PIRATE RADIO.
THE ISLAND, WITH LAWS ALMOST IDENTICAL TO THOSE OF ENGLAND, IS NOT PART OF THE
UNITED KINGDOM, BUT IS ADMINISTERED FROM LONDON. THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT HAS
PASSED LEGISLATION OUTLAWING THE PIRATE RADIO STATIONS WHICH OPERATE FROM SHIPS
AROUND ITS SHORES, AND IS FORCING THE ISLE OF MAN, NEAR WHERE ONE OF THE PIRATE
RADIO SHIPS IS ANCHORED, TO COMPLY WITH THE NEW LAW.
MEMBERS OF THE TYNWALD, THE AGE-OLD PARLIAMENT OF THE ISLE OF MAN, ARE BEING
RECALLED FROM HOLIDAY ON TUESDAY TO CONSIDER THE QUESTION OF REJECTING BRITISH
GOVERNMENT OF THE ISLAND. A RESOLUTION THEY WILL BE CONSIDERING STATES THAT, IF
NECESSARY, THE ISLAND SHOULD TAKE ITS CASE TO THE UNITED NATIONS.
THE SPONSOR OF THE RESOLUTION, MR. ROY MACDONALD, SAID THE PRINCIPLE INVOLVED
WAS MUCH MORE THAN THE QUESTION OF THE FUTURE OF THE POP MUSIC PIRATE RADIO
SHIP, RADIO CAROLINE, WHICH IS ANCHORED OFF THE ISLAND.
"IT IS A QUESTION OF WHETHER OR NOT THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT HAS ANY RIGHT TO
FORCE THEIR LAWS ON US," HE SAID.
THE ISLAND HAS ALREADY PETITIONED QUEEN ELIZABETH TO PREVENT THE APPLICATION OF
THE BRITISH GOVERNMENTS MARINE BROADCASTING OFFENCES ACT TO THE ISLE OF MAN.
THE LITTLE ISLAND (POPULATION 48,000) HAS LONG DEPENDED ON BRITAIN (POPULATION
53,000,000) FOR ITS ECONOMY. BRITISH TRADE AND, MORE PARTICULARLY, BRITISH
TOURISTS PROVIDE THE BULK OF ITS INCOME.
FAMES FOR THE STAGING OF THE TOURIST TROPHY MOTOR CYCLE RACES, THE ISLE OF MAN
IS A RARE HAVEN OF LOW INCOME TAX -- FOUR SHILLINGS AND THREEPENCE IN THE POUND
-- WHICH IS HALF THAT PREVAILING IN BRITAIN. ALSO, THE ISLAND HAS NO CAPITAL
GAINS TAX, OR STAMP DUTIES.
UNTIL RECENTLY, FEW PEOPLE IN BRITAIN GAVE MUCH THOUGHT TO THE ISLAND. BUT IS
HAS NOT ONLY A DISTINCTIVE BREED OF TAIL-LESS CAT PECULIAR TO IT, AND A COAT OF
ARMS - THREE LEGS AT 120-DEGREE ANGLES TO EACH OTHER -- KNOWN THROUGHOUT THE
WORLD, BUT IT ALSO HAS A LONG HISTORY OF SELF-DETERMINATION.
THE RIGHTS OF THE ISLAND WERE BOUGHT BY THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT FROM THE ATHOLL
FAMILY DURING THE LAST CENTURY, BUT VARIOUS ACTS OF PARLIAMENT GRANTED IT ALMOST
THE DEADLINE WHICH WILL DECIDE IF THE ISLAND WILL COMPLY WITH THE GOVERNMENT IN
LONDON, IS AUGUST 15. BY THEN, THE MARINE BROADCASTING ACT COMES INTO FORCE, AND
PIRATE RADIO STATIONS MUST GO OFF THE AIR.
RADIO CAROLINE, HOWEVER, IS THREATENING TO CONTINUE BROADCASTING ITS
ROUND-THE-CLOCK POP MUSIC PROGRAMMES. AND THE ??? MAN GOVERNMENT MUST DECIDE
WHETHER TO BACK IT - OR ???
Issue Date: 05/08/1967
HOLLAND: TEL AVIV RESTAURANT OWNER BUYS SHIP
TO BROADCAST MIDDLE EAST PEACE MESSAGES
Self-proclaimed Middle East peacemaker, Mr. Abie Nathan, has bought a cargo ship
in which he plans to set up a radio station to broadcast appeals for peace
throughout the Middle East. Mr. Nathan bought the 350-ton ex-coastal freighter,
Cite, which was lying at anchor at Delft, north of Rotterdam.
Mr. Nathan, a 42 year old Tel Aviv restaurant-owner, flew to Holland after an
unsuccessful attempt to discuss the Arab-Israeli conflict with President Nasser,
said the radio would transmit in Hebrew, Arabic, French and English.
His radio ship, which is to be called the "Voice of Peace" will be anchored 12
miles off the Israeli coast. Final cost is expected to be about GBPstg. 102,000
which will be raised by committees in New York, Paris and Amsterdam.
Issue Date: 11/06/1969
NETHERLANDS: HOLLAND: PIRATE RADIO SHIP RUNS AGROUND
OFF DUTCH COAST
The King David, a pirate radio ship broadcasting under the name Radio Capitol,
ran aground off the Dutch coast during a storm early today (Tuesday).
The ship, which broadcasts light music to Holland and south-east England, sent
out a distress call during the early hours after slipping anchor and drifting in
heavy seas. With its engine out of action, the ship ran aground near Noordwiji,
25 miles (40 Kms) from Amsterdam.
Four young Dutch girls and one British sailor came ashore from the ship. But the
Dutch captain and Scottish radio engineer stayed aboard.
A Dutch tug will attempt to refloat the King David as soon as the storms have
abated. meanwhile, the ship was not thought to be in any immediate danger.
Issue Date: 10/11/1970
SEA OFF THE NETHERLANDS: PIRATE RADIO SHIP ABLAZE
AFTER BOMB ATTACK
A mysterious incendiary bomb attack set fire to the pirate radio ship North Sea
International off the Dutch coast on Saturday night (May 15-16). The ship was
still blazing from stem to stern when Visnews cameraman Jac de Gier filmed the
fire fighting operation. Ten crew members abandoned the ship, but three others
stayed aboard. They claimed the ship and been attacked from a motor launch.
Later, three men were arrested by Dutch police on suspicion of causing the fire.
Issue Date: 16/04/1971
NORTH SEA: PIRATE RADIO SHIP MEBO TWO ADRIFT OFF
DUTCH COAST IN HEAVY SEAS
The pirate radio ship Mebo Two, from which Radio North Sea International
broadcasts pop music to Britain ad Europe, deranged its anchor today (November
22) and was drifting helplessly off the Dutch coast in heavy seas. As it drifted
towards the coast and Dutch territorial waters, one of the station;s disc
jockeys broadcast a message saying the station would cease transmission of pop
music to avoid any trouble with Dutch authorities.
A helicopter and a Dutch Air Force aircraft were standing by to rescue the crew
in case of further difficulty, and two Dutch rescue boats sailed out to give
SYNOPSIS: The Dutch Air Force stood by to rescue the crew of the pirate radio
ship Mebo Two on Monday as it drifted helplessly off the Dutch coast. The ship,
which houses the pop-music station "Radio North Sea International' had dragged
The Dutch lifeboat Bernard van Leer sailed out to give assistance and the tug
Smitsbank left the Hook of Holland for the pirate radio ship. a helicopter was
also standing by to rescue the crew in case of further difficulty.
In a radio broadcast announcing the ship's difficulties, a disc jockey said the
station would cease broadcasting pop music to avoid trouble with the Dutch
authorities as the Mebo Two drifted towards the coast -- and Dutch territorial
Issue Date: 22/11/1971
NETHERLANDS: NORTH SEA PIRATE BROADCASTING STATION
TOWED TO PORT AFTER ALL?
The 274-ton ship, Mi Amigo, floating headquarters of the
pirate radio station, Radio Caroline, has been towed to the Dutch port of
Ijmuiden following reports of mutiny on board.
The ship's master, Captain Will Van Der Kamp, had earlier signalled for
assistance when crew members disabled the broadcasting transmitters in a dispute
over pay and conditions.
The station's owner, Irishman Ronan O'Rahilly, flew to the Netherlands to
investigate the troubles and later said he had dismissed the entire crew.
Dutch police eventually ordered the Mi Amigo to Amsterdam for investigations
saying that there had been so many accusations made by crew members that the
affair had become to complicated; they later said no offenses had been committed
and advised all the parties involved to try and settle their differences between
It's not known when Radio Caroline will to back on the air...a Dutch post office
official says the ship's transmitter has been so badly damaged that in a legal
sense the vessel has no transmitter aboard.
SYNOPSIS: The Mi Amigo..headquarters of the North Sea pirate radio station,
Radio Caroline, has been towed to the Dutch port of Ijmuiden following reports
of mutiny on board.
The crew apparently took matters in their own hands in a dispute over pay and
conditions, and the master called for navy assistance. Radio Caroline's owner,
Mr. Ronan O'Rahilly, flew to Holland to investigate and, went to sea on a tug,
only to watch his ship towed to port.
The Mi Amigo tied up at Ijmuiden but was ordered to Amsterdam by the police who
said the whole affair was extremely complicated because there were so many
accusations from crew members. Mr. O'Rahilly talked to the police who later said
no offenses had been committed.
It's not known when Radio Caroline will resume broadcasting to Britain and the
Netherlands..a post office official who went aboard the Mi Amigo says the
transmitter has been so badly damaged that in the legal sense there's no
transmitter aboard. And, in any case, Mr. O'Rahilly says he's sacked the entire
crew on the grounds of piracy.
Issue Date: 31/12/1972
PEACE SHIP BROADCASTS CLANDESTINE MESSAGE TO MIDEAST
ABIE NATHAN, A FORMER ISRAELI PLAYBOY AND FIGHTER PILOT WHO ONCE FLEW MISSIONS
OVER EGYPT, NOW IS BROADCASTING PEACE MESSAGES TO ANYONE WHO CAN HEAR HIM.
NATHAN OPERATES FROM A CONVERTED DUTCH FREIGHTER AND PLAYS POP MUSIC AND PEACE
MESSAGES TO ARAB AND ISRAELI CITIZENS. HE AND HIS CREW ALSO PICKUP THE RADIO
FREQUENCIES THAT REUTERS, AP AND UPI OPERATE ON. THEN WITH THEIR OWN WIRE
MACHINES THE PIRATE THE COPY THAT OTHER SUBSCRIBERS PAY FOR. THEY ALSO MONITOR
RADIO CAIRO FOR NEWS OF WHAT'S GOING ON AND INCORPORATE THEIR MATERIAL INTO
Issue Date: 01/01/1973
HOLLAND: MASSIVE YOUTH DEMONSTRATION IN SUPPORT OF PIRATE
Thousands of long-haired youths end girls invaded The Hague on Wednesday (18
April) to fight against legislation which would ban popular pirate radio
stations now operating in International waters in the North Sea.
Police estimated the crowd at between 10,000 and 50,000 demonstrators. Mounted
policemen were on duty preventing the crowd from causing traffic chaos outside
Parliament Building where the pirate radio public debate was in progress.
In a resolution last May, a Strasbourg conference of European Ministers of Posts
and Telecommunications urged the Dutch Government to ratify a treaty banning
pirate radio. No decision was reached during Wednesday's Dutch Parliamentary
If the Dutch Parliament does decide to ratify the treaty later this year, the
three popular pirate radio stations Veronica, North Sea International and
Caroline will be closed down permanently.
Issue Date: 19/04/1973
THE NETHERLANDS: GOVERNMENT CONVERTS FORMER PIRATE
RADIO AND T.V. PLATFORM FOR OCEANOGRAPHIC STUDY
The Dutch Government has coverted a platform in the North sea into an
oceanographic measuring station and shipping traffic control post.
The platform was built by Dutch businesmen and at one time housed the
transmitters of pirate radio and television stations.
The pirate stations were outlawed some years ago and the Government took-over
Recently they began reconditioning the platform and installing sophisticated
equipment for measuring water and wind conditions and air quality.
The platform is sited five miles (8 kms) from the shore, 11 miles (about 17 kms)
north of the port of Scheveningen near The Hague.
In the future the Government will install equipment to gather data about
currents and wave frequencies in the North Sea.
By then they hope the station will be unmanned. All data will be transmitted
automatically to laboratories in the western Netherlands. Engineers and
technicians will only have to visit the platform once every two weeks.
Issue Date: 07/11/1974
ISRAEL: FLOATING RADIO PEACE SHIP ARRIVES IN HAIFA AND GOES OFF AIR - WHILE
ISRAELI LEADERS MEET TO DISCUSS NEW MIDDLE EAST PROPOSALS
Israeli peace campaigner Abie Nathan's floating radio went off the air on
Saturday (28 June) and sailed into Haifa Port.
Mr. Nathan, a former Israeli pilot and restaurant owner, apologised to his
listeners for having failed in his 10-year, one-man effort to bring peace to the
Middle East. He twice flew from Israel to Egypt illegally, in an effort to talk
Egyptian leaders into making peace with Israel. A year before, he raised funds
to purchase the small ship and equip it with radio transmitters. For nearly a
year he sailed as the "voice of peace" in the triangle between Beirut, Cyprus
and Port Said, broadcasting popular and classical music interspersed with peace
slogans and chats about peace and ecology, in English, Hebrew and Arabic.
He was ordered out of the area on the outbreak of the October 1973 war but
returned last month to try to obtain permission to sail through the Suez Canal
when it re-opened. He waited twenty days with his 12-man international crew but
with no success.
In Haifa, Mr. Nathan said he may try to continue as a floating commercial radio
station in the Eastern Mediterranean to enable him to continue broadcasting ???
Meanwhile, in Jerusalem, Israeli leaders have been meeting to consider Egypt's
reply to the latest Israeli proposals for a new interim agreement amid signs of
renewed U.S. pressure on Israel to soften its stand.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin met Foreign Minister Yigal Allon and Defence
Minister Shimon Peres on Sunday (29 June).
The U.S. and Egyptian views were transmitted to Israel the previous day by the
Israeli ambassador to Washington, Mr. Simcha Dinitz, after meetings with
President Ford, Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, and senior American
Mr. Rabin and his two ministers were empowered by the Cabinet earlier this month
to form a negotiating team for the diplomatic talks with Egypt through the U.S.
Issue Date: 29/06/1975
ISRAEL: "PEACE PIRATE" ABIE NATHAN HOPES TO SAIL FLOWER
BOAT TO EGYPT
Thousand of young Israelis crowded Tel Aviv harbour on Friday (12 September) to
present bouquets of flowers to Israeli "peace pirate" Abie Nathan....for
delivery in Egypt.
Mr. Nathan announced earlier in the week that he planned to sail his floating
radio station "Voice of Peace" through the Suez Canal next Monday (15 September)
-- the second anniversary in the Jewish calender of the outbreak of the 1973
Middle East war.
He told newsmen on Friday that the Egyptian authorities were aware of his plans
and that he hopes to take a number of Israeli journalists with him on the
Mr. Nathan -- a former restaurant owner - gained international attention by a
series of dramatic but unsuccessful attempts to enter Egypt on solo peace
missions since the war of 1967.
He spends most of his time broadcasting popular music interspersed with message
calling for peace in Hebrew and Arabic from his radio ship in the Mediterranean.
Issue Date: 13/09/1975
SEA OFF ISRAEL: PIRATE RADIO STATION SHIP BROADCASTS MESSAGES OF PEACE TO MIDDLE
INTRODUCTION: Radio listeners is the troubled Middle East have been tuning into
a new sound on the airwaves around Israel. A pirate radio station based on a
ship anchored off the coast of Israel, has been broadcasting messages of peace,
and the theme seems to be catching on. The BBC's Donald MacCormick has this
Issue Date: 20/04/1977
ISRAEL: PEACE CRUSADER CLOSES HIS "VOICE OF PEACE"
PRIVATE RADIO SHIP AFTER DAY HUNGER STRIKE
In Israel, the peace crusader Abie Nathan, entered the 42nd day of his hunger
strike on Sunday (25 June). Mr. Nathan has refused in eat in protest against the
Israeli governments's policy of establishing settlements in the occupied
territories of the West bank and the Golan Heights. He is demanding an immediate
reopening of peace negotiations with Egypt and a halt in the building of
settlements. Mr. Nathan has campaigned since 1973 for peace using a pirate radio
ship broadcasting music interspersed with pacifist slogans. He is now going to
close the station and dock the ship, awaiting the outcome of his hunger strike.
The Israeli Supreme Court has been asked by a Tel Aviv lawyer on Monday (26
June) to order the arrest of Abie Nathan, so that he can be forcibly fed and his
life can be saved. The Israeli Parliament, the Knesset, was to debate four
urgent motions concerning Mr. Nathan's hunger strike on Wednesday (28 June).
SYNOPSIS: The peace ship and Abie Nathan's protest have received a lot of
support from Israelis. Over the last six weeks there have been demonstrations in
the capital, Tel Aviv urging the government to seek a peace settlement with
Egypt. Mr. Nathan has said he will continue his hunger strike until death if
Abie Nathan told newsmen he felt fine, but hoped to have his first meal after
the next Israeli parliament meeting when a motion to suspend the building of
settlements could be passed. The Peace Ship broadcasts peace slogans in Hebrew
and Arabic and donated all profits from advertising to Israeli-Arab youth clubs.
Mr. Nathan's hunger strike follows a series of spectacular efforts to encourage
peace. In 1966 he flew single-handed to Egypt on a one-man peace mission.
As the ship sailed into Ashed, the disc jockey transmitted the final peace
slogan before shutting down.
Several members of the Israeli government, including the Prime Minister,
menachem Begin, have appealed to Abie Nathan to end his hunger strike, since his
life is now in danger. But Mr. Nathan says he will continue to starve and his
ship will remain silent until his conditions are met.
Issue Date: 27/06/1978
JERUSALEM: ISRAELI PEACE CRUSADER ABIE NATHAN SAYS
HE IS PREPARED TO CONTINUE HIS FAST
Israeli peace crusader Abie Nathan on Wednesday (28 June) announced the end of
his 45-day hunger strike over Jewish settlements in occupied Arab land. His
decision came after an appeal by the government and the entire Knesset, the
SYNOPSIS: On Tuesday (27 June) supporters of Mr. Nathan took part in a peace
march to the office of the Prime Minister, Mr. Menachem Begin, and to the
parliament building in Jerusalem.
Mr. Nathan, who had become extremely weak because of his self-imposed ordeal,
was brought by ambulance to join the marchers. He then spoke of his
determination to continue his fight to death.
The demonstration resulted in the Knesset Presidium voting to debate the
question of Mr. Nathan's hunger strike. Six urgent motions by all major
political parties at a Knesset session, attended by Mr. Nathan, urged him to end
his fast. Health Minister Eliezer Shostak called on him to stop using his hunger
strike as a political weapon.
Mr. Nathan later said while he regretted the government did not meet his request
to halt the Jewish settlement programme, he had no choice but to respond to the
Issue Date: 29/06/1978
ISRAEL AND LEBANON: ISRAELI PEACE CAMPAIGNER ABIE
NATHAN LOADS SUPPLIES ONTO HIS SHIP AND ARRIVES OFF BEIRUT
An Israeli peace campaigner Mr. Abie Nathan has been frustrated in his efforts
to land supplies in war-torn Beirut. Lebanese authorities have banned his ship
from their waters, which he entered with his peace ship on Wednesday (9 August).
Mr. Nathan had attracted considerable voluntary support for his peace mission.
SYNOPSIS: Among the supplies loaded aboard the floating radio station at Ashdod
in Israel was a new ambulance, bought with voluntary donations to his 'Voice of
Peace' campaign. The crew are all volunteers. They loaded medical supplies, and
30,000 lollipops for the children of Beirut. Abie Nathan was determined to make
the potentially dangerous trip, although no-one would insure his ship.
Issue Date: 10/08/1978
JERUSALEM: PEACE CAMPAIGNER ABIE NATHAN COMMENTS
FOLLOWING GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCEMENT OF DECISION TO ALLOW ONE HUNDRED VIETNAMESE REFUGEES
The Chief of the tiny South Pacific Island of Maewa has offered refuge to all
two thousand three hundred Vietnamese `boat people' stranded for two weeks
aboard the freighter Tung An near Manila, in the Philippines. Morale on board
the Tung An has risen after sixteen people were taken off the ship for
resettlement in France and New Zealand. On Sunday (7 January) the Israeli
cabinet met to discuss a suggestion by peace campaigner, Abie Nathan, that our
hundred of the refugees be allowed to settle in Israel. The cabinet decided to
allow one hundred of the `boat people' into the country.
SYNOPSIS: The meeting took place in the Prime Minister's office. The government
said that by accepting the `boat people' it was making a symbolic gesture
recalling the similar plight of Jewish refugees after the Second World War.
Cabinet spokesman Arieh Naor told newsmen of the governments's decision.
Abie Nathan then commented on the decision.
Issue Date: 09/01/1979
to the 'Offshore Radio Guide'